New Mexico Overview

Redistricting Process: The state legislature of New Mexico was given control of legislative redistricting in 1976. Prior to 1976, each county in the state was allocated a set number of legislative seats by state law, and apportionment was carried out only within counties. In 2001, a joint interim redistricting committee drafted redistricting legislation, which was then considered by both houses. Congressional and legislative redistricting plans adopted by the legislature are subject to veto by the governor.

Governor: Republican Susan Martinez

Legislature: Democrats control both chambers.

Number of Congressional Seats in 2011: 3 (no change from 2010)

2011 Ideal District Population: 686,393

Current District by District Politics and Demographics


1st District- Democrat Martin Heinrich

2010 Congressional Results: Heinrich 52%

2008 Congressional Results: Heinrich 56%

2006 Congressional Results: Heather A. Wilson (R) 50.2%

2004 Congressional Results: Wilson 54%

2008 Presidential Results: McCain 39% Obama 60%

2004 Presidential Results: Bush 48% Kerry 51%

District Population: 701,939

Over/Under Populated by: 15,546

White Population: 294,752

African American Population: 16,201

Hispanic Population: 339,430

See more demographic information from the 2010 Census for the 1st District.*


2nd District- Republican Steve Pearce

2010 Congressional Results: Pearce 56%

2008 Congressional Results: Harry Teague (D) 56%

2006 Congressional Results: Pearce 59%

2004 Congressional Results: Pearce 60%

2008 Presidential Results: McCain 50% Obama 49%

2004 Presidential Results: Bush 58% Kerry 41%

District Population: 663,956

Over/Under Populated by: 22,437

White Population: 264,510

African American Population: 10,471

Hispanic Population: 343,856

See more demographic information from the 2010 Census for the 2nd District.*


3rd District- Democrat Ben R. Lujan

2010 Congressional Results: Lujan 57%

2008 Congressional Results: Lujan 57%

2006 Congressional Results: Tom Udall (D) 75%

2004 Congressional Results: Udall 69%

2008 Presidential Results: McCain 38% Obama 61%

2004 Presidential Results: Bush 45% Kerry 54%

District Population: 693,284

Over/Under Populated by: 6,891

White Population: 274,548

African American Population: 8,790

Hispanic Population: 270,117

See more demographic information from the 2010 Census for the 3rd District.*


*In some browsers, the link to the 2010 Census page may link to a table of demographics for several states as opposed to the districts for the specific state. If this occurs, click the “Back to Search” link at the top of the page and then click on the arrow next to “Geographies” in the left column. Select “All Congressional Districts within New Mexico” and then close the box.  Click on the link for “Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age and Housing Occupancy: 2010” and the correct table should appear.

Redistricting Process taken from Rose Institute study “Redistricting in America.”