New York

New York

Redistricting Process: Legislative Population Change (since 2000): 401,645
Legislature: Democratic Projected Seats: 27 (-2 from 2010)
Governor: Andrew Cuomo (D) Members of Congress: 6R, 21D
Party Control: Democratic 2012: 62.6% Obama, 36.0% Romney

Map Instructions:

Three maps are available for each state. Each has new district outlines in bold.
Click on each district on the map to see more information.
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New Districts by Party Representation

2010 Redistricting Changes: New York Loses Two Seats

Old Districts by Partisan Voting Index with New District Outlines
Old Districts by Party Representation with New District Outlines

While the results of the 2010 Census revealed that New York had not experienced a demographic revolution in the years since 2000, its population demographics shifts did yield some interesting changes. Its population increase of 2.6% was far less than the 9.7% increase in national population. Indeed, New York lost two congressional seats, bringing its total number of representatives down to 27. Perhaps the most interesting demographic change was the Asian population, with an over 45%, increase from 1.04 million to 1.52 million people. The demographic group now represents 7.8% of the state’s total population. African Americans increased by 13%, now accounting for 17.5% of New York’s population. The Hispanic population increased by 5.4% to 2.61 million from 2.47 million people. Hispanics now make up 13.4% of New York’s population. The state’s largest demographic, Whites decreased in proportion and number by 4%. The white population decreased from 11.76 million to 11.29 million people and now represents 58% of New York’s total population.

The congressional redistricting process in New York is primarily controlled by the state legislature. The state legislature draws and approves the map of congressional districts and then sends the maps to the governor for approval. Finally, Bronx, Kings, and New York Counties are considered “covered jurisdictions” under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act and therefore either the U.S. Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division or the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia needs to approve the redistricting plan.

The legislature also appoints an advisory commission for the redistricting process called the New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment (LATFOR). This committee is purely advisory and consists of six members; four legislators and two non-legislatures. The Temporary President of the Senate appointed one legislator, Michael F. Nozzolia, and one non-legislator, Welquis R. Lopez. The Speaker of the Assembly appointed one legislator, Assemblyman John J McEneny, and one non-legislator, Roman Hedges. Finally, the minority leaders of the Assembly and the Senate appoint the remaining two legislators, Assemblyman Robert Oaks and Senator Martin Dilan.

Control of the state legislature is currently split between the Democrats and the Republicans. The State Senate is controlled by Republicans, with thirty-two Republicans versus thirty Democrats. The State Assembly is composed of one hundred Democrats and forty-eight Republicans. Each house of the state legislature submitted redistricting plans, but they were unable to reach a final consensus decision. The case Favors v. Cuomo was filed based on the inability of the state legislature to create districts. A three-judge panel appointed a special master, magistrate Roanne Mann, on February 13, 2012 to oversee the redistricting process. On March 6th, she released a draft plan with help from redistricting expert, Nathaniel Persily, of Columbia Law School. The state legislature still had time to submit their own redistricting map, but again failed to come to a consensus.

On Monday, March 19, the panel of federal judges imposed a final redistricting order which finalized New York’s congressional districts. The state’s 22nd District, which hugged the southern Finger Lakes east to the Hudson Valley, was removed and divided among surrounding districts, leaving its representative, Democrat Maurice D. Hinchey, without a job, although Hinchey had indicated earlier in the year that he was to retire. In addition, Republican Bob Turner’s 9th congressional district was eliminated by the court and was split up among the surrounding districts encompassing Brooklyn and Queens. The plan, which was based off magistrate judge Roanne L. Mann’s proposal, had the broad aim of making compact districts that made sense on a representational level, rather than accounting for the current residences of incumbent congressmen.

First District

New York’s First District includes most of eastern Long Island. Its boundaries were shifted somewhat after the 2010 census, moving slightly southwest into the hamlet of Hauppage and slightly northeast towards Smithtown. Overall, the district has and continues to cover the entirety of the eastern portion of Suffolk County. The slight boundary changes, then, have made little difference in the geography of the district, as it has retained 97% of its voters from its previous geographical definition.

Second District

New York’s Second District is located in central Long Island. It includes West Babylon, Islip, and parts of Brentwood and Ronkonkoma and thus the bottom central portion of Long Island, in contrast to its previous coverage of the area immediately north, which included Huntington, East Northport, and Commack. It received the southern area that follows the Great South Bay–some of Lindenhurst, all of West Babylon, Islip–from the Third District. The district appears much less irregularly-shaped than it was previously, as it hugs the southern edge rather than encompassing both the north and parts of the south of the Island.

Demographically, the new Second contains more whites than previously: In the old district, whites comprised 62.9% of the population while the new one includes 66.1% whites. The Black, Hispanic, and Asian populations have accordingly decreased, with the Asian population in the district facing a decreasing from 5% to 3.2% in the new one. The Hispanic and Black populations in the district have decreased to a lesser extent, with neither–whose percentages were in the double digits–decreasing by more than a percentage point.

Third District

The Third District of New York covers the eastern half of Nassau County on the northern border, going as far east as Queens and as far west as Smithtown. This is a significant geographic difference from the previous district, which covered the southeastern section of Long Island from Long Beach across the South Oyster Bay to Islip while a narrower middle section cut north through Levittown and up to Glen Cove and Bayville, the north side of Long Island that it still covers. This new district doesn’t take these twists and turns, covering a more regular block of the north.

As the district’s shape is significantly different that the previous one, its racial composition has changed as well. Most notably, it has become significantly more Asian and less white. In the old district, Whites comprised 80.7% of the population while Asians accounted for just 5.3%. Now, White representation in the district has fallen to 72.5% while Asians comprise 13.7%. While the black population has remained the same at 3.1%, Hispanics have fallen from 10.1% 9.7% of the district.

Fourth District

New York’s Fourth District covers the southern portion of Nassau County, including the towns of Garden City, Hempstead, Freeport, and Oceanside. This is a change from the previous district, which, while covering some of Oceanside and Freeport, avoided the southern region, snaking north of the Long Beach and Jones Beach areas west of the South Oyster Bay. This new region is more block-like but also moves slightly more east, avoiding the Jamaica border and some of Elmont.

In terms of demographics, the region has become significantly more White, primarily due to the inclusion of the southern areas and its eastern boundary moving somewhat west. Whites, who comprised 52.3% of the previous 4th district, now account for 61.1% of the district’s population. Blacks have decreased from 19% of the district to 14% blacks.

Fifth District

The Fifth District of New York covers much of Queens County, including Jamaica, St. Albans, and Springfield Gardens. Its south section stretches west to cover Belle Harbor, in addition. This is a radical change from the previous district–the two have almost no overlaps. The previous district covered the area between Manhattan Island and Long Island, including Port Washington and the entire Manhasset Bay region. The new district has therefore simply moved south, to cover John F. Kennedy International Airport.

As its geography has changed so completely, so has the district’s demography. The old Fifty district’s racial composition 35.7% white, 4.2% black, 25.6% Hispanic, 33.3% Asian, and 1.2% of other races. The new district contains 12.2% whites, 50.1% blacks, 18.9% Hispanics, 11.5% Asians, and 7.3% of other races. The core of Queens County, much of which has been added to the 5th district, is quite racially diverse and also contains a much higher percentage of blacks.

Sixth District

The Sixth District of New York stretches from the east side of Kings County in Ridgewood and continues east through Queens, including of Flushing, and Auburndale. While it is in the northern part of Queens County, it does not go as far northwest as La Guardia Airport and stops before the northern areas of Whitestone and Clearview. This is in contrast to the old Sixth which lay directly south, covering Jamaica, St. Albans, and the region surrounding the John F. Kennedy International Airport. Unlike the previous district, however, this one has no irregular portions that jut out from the main section, as the previous section did into Hyde Park.

Because the old and the new district share little geography, their demographics are quite different. Previously, the Sixth district contained a large plurality of Blacks, who made up 49.8% of the population (the next-largest group was Asians, at 13.3%). In the new district, Blacks make up just 3.7% of the population, with Asians and Whites dominating at 38.1% and 38.5%, respectively, of the district’s population. The Hispanic population has remained similar, hovering between 18% and 19%, while people of other races have fallen from 7.8% to 1.6% of the district. The increase in the Asian population can be accounted for the large number of Asian immigrants in the northern section of Queens County in neighborhoods like Flushing and north Queens area.

Seventh District

The Seventh District of New York is located on the western border of Kings County. Its shape is that of a right angle, starting on the west side of Brooklyn in Sunset Park, moving north up to Carroll Gardens and eventually to the Lower East Side. It then heads east through Williamsburg and Bushwick, ending at Woodhaven. This strange shape shares little resemblance with the old Seventh district, which was strange itself: it covered north Queens around LaGuardia Airport but then straddled the bay to the Bronx area, including Unionport, Schuylerville, and City Island.

The new district’s geographic reach is therefore quite different, but its racial composition, while still noticeably different than previously, is less strikingly different. Indeed, Hispanics in the old Seventh District accounted for 44.4% of its population while the current district is 43.1% Hispanic. As there are large numbers of Hispanics who inhabit west Brooklyn, north Queens, and the Bronx, this consistency makes sense. There are significantly more Blacks in the newer district, however, comprising 16.6% of the population in comparison to the lower 8.6% in the previous version of the district. The White population has increased from 20.7% of the district’s population to 27.8%, probably because of the increasing number of whites in the Williamsburg and Bushwick areas. And the Asian population has increased, but only slightly, from 16.5% to 18.8%.

Eighth District

New York’s Eighth District forms a half circle that loops around the east side of Crown Heights and central Brooklyn. It begins on Coney Island, moves east and north along the south Brooklyn neighborhood of Mill Basin, continues north to Canarsie and East New York, and then cuts back northwest through Bed-Stuy and Clinton Hill. The old district covered a much different area. It still began south at Coney Island but then moved immediately north to Borough Park, yet still avoiding other areas of southwest Brooklyn, and then cut north to Manhattan, through Hudson Square, Greenwich Village, ending just west of Central Park. Thus, while both the old and the new district are strangely, irregularly shaped, they don’t share much geography.

As follows, the new district’s demographic make-up is much different than before. BWhites, who comprised 66.5% of the previous district, now account for 22%. The Black population has dramatically increased from 4.8% to 52.9% while the Asian population has fallen from 15.9% to 4.8%. These significant differences are mainly due to the loss of large, wealthy section of Manhattan. Meanwhile, southeast Brooklyn is a primarily Black region, thus providing the majority in the new Eighth.

Ninth District

The Ninth District of New York is located in central Brooklyn, starting on the north end at Crown Heights and then moving south through East Flatbush, Flatlands, and ending in south Brooklyn near Gerritsen Beach. The shape of the district is much more conventional than the previous Ninth, which included Manhattan and Gerritsen Beaches and a small section of south Brooklyn but also encompassed Queens’ Rockaway peninsula. In addition, from there, the old district then meandered north through Howard Beach, Ozone Park, Woodhaven, and ended with central Queens as its most northern point. The previous district thus encompassed a vast number of neighborhoods and multiple boroughs while the new one is centered in Brooklyn.

The racial composition of the new district is quite different from the old. The most notable change is the proportion of Blacks, The White population has changed from 57% to 29.7%, while the Hispanic population has fallen as well from 17.2% to 11.3%. Asians, too, have declined in the district to 6.2% of the population from 19.3%. Other races’ numbers have generally remained unchanged. The difference from old to new in racial composition mainly has to do with the large amounts of Whites living in beach areas like Rockaway peninsula and also in the upper middle class neighborhood of Forest Hills. Central and south Brooklyn, in contrast, are primarily Black.

Tenth District

The Tenth District starts in southwestern Brooklyn in Borough Park, cuts a small sliver west, and then follows Manhattan’s west side from its southern tip north through the Upper West Side. The shape and boundaries of the current Tenth District and the previous Eighth District are nearly identical and the old Tenth district was very similar to the current Eighth.

The new Tenth District is composed of 65.3% Whites, 4% Blacks, 12.2% Hispanics, 17.4% Asians, and 1.1% of other races. In contrast, the previous district was 18.3% white, 58.7% black, 17.2% Hispanic, 3.9% Asian, and 1.9% of other races. This difference is accounted for by the stark difference between Manhattan and Brooklyn’s composition.

Eleventh District

The Eleventh District covers the entirety of Staten Island and the southwestern corner of Brooklyn, from Bay Ridge to Gravesend. Much of the old Eleventh is now in the new Ninth District. The current district extends to Brooklyn to balance its population.

Because the district has moved so completely, it follows that its demographics are also quite different. Notably, Whites now comprise 64.2% of its population, 25.6%. Blacks, who number high in Brooklyn, comprised 53.5% of the previous district’s population and now total just 7.2%. The Asian population has increased from 5.9% to 11.9%, as has the Hispanic population, rising from 13.2% to 15.7%. Other races have declined from 1.8% of the previous district’s total to 1% of the current population. Staten Island’s composition is highly White while Brooklyn’s is highly Black, so the differences seen from the older district to the new one are not so surprising.

Twelfth District

The Twelfth District of New York follows the western border of Manhattan from Greenwich Village in the south to the Upper East Side in the north. It also encompasses Astoria and Long Island City in northwest Queens and then heads south to Greenpoint in Brooklyn. The old district was located immediately south and stretched southeast from Greenpoint to Bushwick. On the other side of Greenpoint, the old district snaked around the west side of Brooklyn through Red Hook and Greenwood, ending just before the southwest corner of Brooklyn.

The Twelfth district is primarily White increasing from 26.8% in the old district to 67%. There are much fewer Hispanics in the 12th district than previously, decreasing from 44.6% of the district’s population to 13.3%. And the black population has declined from 8.4% to 4.9%, reflecting the more heterogeneous composition of the previous district’s make-up which was not only in Brooklyn but, because it followed the west side, spanned across a large geographic region, thus covering the ethnic pockets of the borough.

Thirteenth District

New York’s Thirteenth District covers the northern part of Manhattan, following the Hudson River north from East Harlem, through Washington Heights, and ending just north of Inwood. The old district encompassed Staten Island and the southwestern portion of Brooklyn and is thus quite similar to the current 11th congressional district. Unlike its previous state, the current 11th district maintains a fairly regular geographic area, covering the northwestern block of Manhattan. In contrast, the old 11th district straddled the borough of Brooklyn and Staten Island to maintain population balance.

The old 13th district was composed of 62.3% whites, 7.1% blacks, 16.1% Hispanics, 13.6% Asians, and 0.9% of other races. The post-redistricting 13th district contains 12.2% whites, 27% blacks, 55.1% Hispanics, 4.2% Asians, and 1.5% of other races. Northern Manhattan is primarily Hispanic and has a consistent black population while Staten Island has a majority non-white Hispanic population, so the geography easily accounts for these differences.

Fourteenth District

New York’s Fourteenth District encompasses north Queens, including Woodside, East Elmhurst, LaGuardia Airport, and College Point across Flushing Bay. Previously, the Fourteenth District was approximately where the Twelfth District is located now except it did not include the neighborhood of Greenpoint. It included the Upper East Side, some of Greenwich Village, and Astoria and Long Island City in Queens.

Because it is in a different region, the current district’s demographics are markedly different. While the district previously contained a high number of whites (65.7%), only 24.9% of its population is white. In contrast, Black population has nearly doubled from 4.8% in the old district to 9.6% today, while the Hispanic population has more than tripled to 47.5% in comparison to the 13.7% it made up in the past. Asians and other races have remained fairly similar.

Fifteenth District

New York’s Fifteenth District covers upper Manhattan (neighborhoods surrounding Fleetwood-Concourse Village) and cuts into the Bronx border at the northeast. This is significantly different area than its previous location alongside the western border of Manhattan, following the Hudson River from Inwood and Fort George in the north down to the Upper West Side. The old district was thus thin and long; the new one, located east, is more round and expansive.

The demographic differences between the old 15th district and the new one reflect the new geography. The white population, in particular, has plummeted to a mere 2.3% of the population from 20.9% previously. In contrast, Hispanic population has jumped to 65.3% from 46.1% earlier, as has the black population (29.2% versus the earlier 26.9%). The huge decrease in the white population makes sense given the large portion that live in the Upper West side and the region immediately north of Central Park.

Sixteenth District

The Sixteenth District covers the southern portion of Westchester County, stretching north through Mt. Vernon, New Rochelle, and Yonkers, ending at Hastings-On-Hudson, with the border moving east through Scarsdale and incorporating Rye on the eastern edge. This represents a significant change from the previous district whose location is now more aligned with the current Fifteenth District in the south Bronx around the Grand Concourse thoroughfare. The two areas share only a small portion near Jermone Park.

Demographically, the racial composition of the new Sixteenth District is significantly different from that of the old. Whites now compose 39.3% of the district in comparison to the previous figure of 2.4%. In addition, Hispanics now account for just 23.3% of the district’s population, whereas they previously accounted for the majority at 66.5% of the population. The Asian population has increased as well, jumping over three percentage points from 1.6% to 4.9% of the district’s population. Blacks and other races have remained relatively unchanged. Yonkers and Westchester County have a high percentage of whites and the south Bronx has a high percentage of Hispanics, so this racial shift makes sense.

Seventeenth District

New York’s Seventeenth District is located in the Hudson River Valley. The old district encompassed parts of the Bronx, Westchester County, and Rockland County. The cores of the district were located in Rockland County with part of the district snaking along the Hudson River and then increasing in size to cover a substantial portion of the Bronx. The new district is much more geographically compact; it no longer includes the Bronx. In order to recoup the lost population, the district now encompasses most of northern Rockland County and northwestern Westchester County from the old Nineteenth District, and western Westchester County from the old Eighteenth Congressional District.

The demographics of the district have radically changed. The district was only 37.2% white but it is now 63.1% white. Most of this increase is at the expense of African Americans- they formerly comprised 30.4% of the district, but now only are 10.1% of the district. Hispanics have suffered a smaller decrease, going from 25.6% to 19.5% of the total population. Most of this change is due to the district losing its territory in the Bronx.

The new district has undergone substantial changes in voter composition. The composition of its voters is 30% from the old Seventeenth district, 49% from the old Eighteenth, and 21% from the old Nineteenth. These voters are more conservative; the Cook Partisan Voting Index for the old district was D+18 while for the new district it is only D+5. This change is largely due to the loss of the Bronx for the district which provided a solid Democrat voting base.

Eighteenth District

New York’s Eighteenth District is located in the Hudson River Valley. The old district encompassed western Westchester County and a smaller portion of Rockland County. The district underwent dramatic changes following the latest round of redistricting and now represents an almost entirely new set of constituents. It represents the more sparsely populated eastern half of Westchester county, all of Orange county and Putnam County, and the southwestern portion of Dutchess county. The new Eighteenth is much more similar to the old Nineteenth District combined with the southeastern part of the Twenty-Second congressional district.
The demographics have also undergone a shift. The new district is 71.8% white as opposed to its former percentage of 59.7%. Most of this change has been a result of a much lower percentage of Hispanics- decreasing from 22.6% of the population to 14.8% in the new district. The new district is slightly more racially diverse than the former Nineteenth District that it largely replaced that was 76.1% white.

The new district is more rural and has a higher concentration of conservative voters. The Cook Partisan Voting Index for the new district is R+2 while the district was formerly D+9. The voting base of the district is comprised of 1% of voters from the former Eighteenth District, 76% from the Nineteenth District, 2% from the Twentieth District, and 21% from the Twenty-Second District.

Nineteenth District

New York’s Nineteenth District was located in Dutchess, Orange, Rockland, Westchester, and Putnam counties. The redistricting process has relocated the district farther north. The majority of the new district was created from the southern half of the Twentieth District along with the eastern half of the Nineteenth district. The district half encircles the district containing Albany and the surrounding suburbs.

The demographics of the district have changed as a result. The district is more rural than it was and has less racial diversity. It is 86.3% white while the old district was 71.8% white. The most dramatic change is the decrease in the percentage of the population identifying as Hispanic from 14.8% to 6.3%.

The voter composition has only changed slightly despite the demographic differences. The Cook Partisan Voting Index went from R+3 to even despite the fact that the district became more racially homogenous

Twentieth District

New York’s Twentieth congressional district was a primarily rural district that ran along much of New York’s eastern border with a hook inland and around part of Albany. The district has undergone a substantial shift during the redistricting process. It is now primarily located around the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) that is the fourth largest MSA in New York and the 58th largest in the country. The district occupies much of what was historically the Twenty-First congressional district.

The new district is less racially homogenous. The old district was 91.5% white and was largely rural, while the new district is 79.6% white and relatively more urban. African Americans make up a much larger portion of the new district at 9.6% compared to the previous percentage of 2.8%.

Twenty-First District

New York’s Twenty-First Congressional District was largely centered around the Albany-Schenectady-Troy MSA. In this area it has been replaced by the Twentieth District. The new district covers most of north-eastern New York, mainly replacing the old Twenty-Third, but also parts of the old Twentieth and Twenty-Fourth Districts.

The new district is much more rural and lacks racial diversity. The old district was 79.2% white and 10% African American. The new district is 3.1% African American and 91.6% white; the state as a whole is only 58.3% white and is 14.8% African American. The district no longer includes the relatively large MSA of Albany-Schenectady-Troy and instead consists primarily of smaller urban areas and rural households.

Twenty-Second District

The Twenty-Second District started at the west bank of the Hudson running from Saugerties to Newburgh and then ran westward along New York’s border until it hooked northward and snaked towards Ithaca. The district failed the compactness requirements of the redistricting process and has been changed substantially. The new district runs from north to south, from Lake Ontario to Pennsylvania. It is comprised largely of parts of the old Twenty-Third and Twenty-Fourth congressional districts.

The district has become significantly more racially homogenous as a result. It is now 89.2% white, 4.3% black, and 3.1% Hispanic. The district was formerly 73.6% white, 9.7% black, and 11.9% Hispanic.

Twenty-Third District

The new and old Twenty-Third congressional districts share no common ground; the old one was located in northeastern New York while the new one is located in southwest New York. The new distract spans from Lake Erie to Ithaca. It contains much of the same territory as the old Twenty-Ninth congressional district; the most notable difference is the inclusion of Ithaca in the new Twenty-Third District and the exclusion of the southern suburbs of Rochester.

The ethnic and racial composition of the district remained remarkably similar despite not sharing the same voter base. In both districts the percentage of the population identifying as white remained relatively stable at 90%. The percentage of the population identifying as black remained relatively stable at around 3% and the situation of Hispanics is similar with the percentage of people identifying as Hispanic remaining around 3%.

Twenty-Fourth District

New York’s Twenty-Fourth District has undergone dramatic change. The district was previously shaped like a large hook wrapping around Syracuse. The new district is primarily located on Lake Ontario, but also extending inland and including Syracuse. The new district is most similar to the old Twenty-Fifth District with the key difference being the inclusion of Oswego and Fulton and the exclusion of the suburbs and surrounding towns to the north and east of Rochester.

The new district is slightly more diverse. Blacks comprise 8.6% of the population as opposed to their old share of 4.3% though these numbers are both well below the state average of 14.8%. Also, Hispanics are underrepresented in both districts with 3.3% of the population in the old district and 3.7% of the population in the new district. The state average is 17.6%.

Twenty-Fifth District

New York’s Twenty-Fifth District ran from slightly east and north of Rochester to encompass Syracuse and the surrounding towns and suburbs. The new district is squarely focused on the city of Rochester. It replaces the old districts that had several districts splitting up Rochester, including the old Twenty-Eighth congressional district that consisted of the main portion of Rochester and then narrowly wound along the cost and eventually reached Buffalo by a narrow strip.

The new district is slightly more racially diverse due to the inclusion of the city of Rochester. It is only 72% white while the old district was 82.7% white. The new district contains substantially more residents that identify as black or Hispanic.

Twenty-Sixth District

New York’s Twenty-Sixth District stretched from west of Buffalo to east of Rochester. The new district encompasses Buffalo and the surrounding towns. The new district is primarily formed from the old Twenty-Sixth, Twenty-Seventh, and Twenty-Eighth congressional districts.

The district has become largely urban and the demographics have changed as a result. The old district was nearly 90% white while the new district is only 71.5% white. The old district was only 4.4% black while the new district is nearly 20% black due to the inclusion of the city of Buffalo and the loss of rural land.

Twenty-Seventh District

New York’s Twenty-Seventh District formerly comprised the eastern bank of Lake Erie. The new district shares some of this old territory, but is largely composed of the old Twenty-Sixth District. The new district contains much of the coastal land in between Buffalo and Rochester as well as much of the coastal land in between Buffalo and Dunkirk. A large swath of interior land between Buffalo and Rochester makes up the rest of the district.

The district has lost most of the little racial diversity it had; whereas it was once only 84.8% white, it is now 92.7% white. The percentage share of blacks and Hispanics both plummeted to below 3% of the total population each.

Twenty-Eighth District

The Twenty-Eighth District wound from Rochester to Buffalo along the coast of Lake Ontario. Because New York lost two seats during the reapportionment of congressional seats, there is no longer a Twenty-Eighth congressional district. Several districts have gained the territory formerly held by the Twenty-Eighth. The new Twenty-Fifth District now represents Rochester, the Twenty-Seventh District represents the coast of Lake Ontario between the Canadian border and Rochester. Finally, the Twenty-Sixth District gained the holdings around Buffalo.

Twenty-Ninth District

The former Twenty-Ninth District covered from south of Rochester to the Pennsylvania border and stretched to just east of Jamestown and west of Ithaca. Due to reapportionment, the district no longer exists. The district was largely absorbed into the new 23rd congressional district, with the 25th and 27th congressional districts also taking some of its territory to the south of Rochester.